Functional Org Chart Baic Concept
The functional org chart is a very common organizational structure that many companies follow, which is supposed to divide people into several departments according to peoples’ specialties and function they perform in the company. Persons with rich experience and profession would be appointed as department manager authorized to be totally responsible for department’s affair such as training, the task allocating and promotion.
Definition of Functional Org Chart
The functional org chart divides people into different groups based on expertise and specialty. This structure gets involved in a great amount of process standardization within a company, with the real decision-making authority centered at the top of the organization. Employees in one department are responsible only for relevant tasks. For instance, an HR department that focuses only on recruitment & training, a sales department that only engages in sales activities, and an engineering department that only designs products and produces facilities.
A matrix org chart is one of the most complicated org charts a company can adopt but as well as the most useful one. This article is aimed to make a brief introduction to org chart mainly on definition and advantages. A matrix org chart is a very common organizational structure many companies follow especially the enterprise of the internet industry. It is formed with grid or matrix. Besides hierarchy, employees are divided into teams by projects, which means workers have dual reporting relationship-a functional manager and a project manager.
Matrix org chart is a type of organizational structure combined functional framework with projected one. In accordance with the Project Management Body of Knowledge, the level of authority project managers can own determines the strength of the matrix organization, to some extent.
Definition of the Organogram
Organogram is an intuitive reflection of organization structure, one of the most common diagrams to illustrate the relationships among departments, superiors, and subordinates vividly and briefly. It is defined as a top-bottom, with icon list, architecture diagram which can automatically increase the vertical level. Organogram shows the correlation among organizational unit in the form of graphics and it provides great convenience for people to view detailed information on organizational units as well as the associated position and personnel.
Hierarchical organizational structure puts the authority and responsibility on the top side of the company and makes them flow down from the top to the lowest level gradually. This model works like a pyramid and centralizes all power and duties on people who stand on the peak of the organizational structure. To assess this type of management style, it has advantages as well as disadvantages.
With regards to company organogram optimization, we usually alter the procedure of organizational construction so as to reach the scientific systemic management model. This can be achieved base on three principles.
In general, most of the startups have adopted a flat organizational structure in the early years which turns out to be a good result. They expand three to four times faster than their competitors with complex layers of management. But when the young company grows to the matured organization, the org chart still keeps the same. The owner of the company fails to update the org chart because he mistakenly considers the management system as an inhibitor of creativity and flexibility. This wrong decision finally pulls the rapid growth to a stop and ends the prosperity of the entire company. So what’s the right org chart startup should adopt to keep the success sustainable? It will be illustrated based on two stages that a company stays. In each stage, the company needs different org chart.
The organizational chart is a kind of diagram used to show the layout of personnel in a company, which tells us all the links between anyone in the organization. With this awesome chart, you can check for useful information as quickly as possible. It’s convenient for stuff to cooperate with each other. There are 5 key elements you have to keep in mind when drawing an organizational chart.
Work specialization means the specific degree the employee has acquired. This element is often used to measure how task in an organization has been assigned to each person for most of the time the entire job cannot be done by one individual. Work specialization plays an important role in the direction of assignment distribution. That’s why specialization is called one of the most significant elements in organizational chart structure design.