The United States Department of Education is a Cabinet-level division of the American government. So far it has a history of nearly 40 years and cooperates closely with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
How Does the United States Department of Education Operate?
Normally, the United States Department of Education operates decentralized. Therefore, local educational offices and academic institutions have the certain power to make decisions. The department has a series of important duties like:
- Make policies and regulations for different local educational offices.
- Strengthen educational regulations about civil rights.
- Cooperates with the majority of national federal agencies to support education events.
- Collect, sort and analyze data on America educational institutions include schools, colleges, and universities.
- Improve student achievement for worldwide competitiveness.
- Make sure equal educational opportunities for young people.
Besides, the United States Department of Education also cooperates with some other governmental organizations to improve education quality for children from low-income households.
Key Parts of the United States Department of Education
United States Secretary of Education
It locates at the very top of the United States Department of Education. Main duties of the Secretary is to provide comment and suggestions on educational policies and projects in the U.S.A. Donald Trump nominated the latest Secretary Officer in early 017.
Institute of Education Sciences (IES)
IES usually carries out research and analysis in order to offer scientific evidence for domestic educational topics. Currently, IES has a number of National Centers for evaluating educational reports and data sets. So far, a large number of American local communities and academic organizations have benefited from the research outcomes of IES.
Federal Student Aid （FSA)
This sub-department in the United States Department of Education mainly supports student financial needs. Every year FSA deals with millions of applications and offer American students different types of grants, loans, and funds from FSA. Students may apply financial supports via some legal federal or private programs in many states and local offices.
Student Achievement and School Accountability Programs (SASA)
This part provides financial support especially for national colleges and universities in the U.S.A. Furthermore, a number of programs, such as the English Language Enhancement and the program for Homeless Children, are involved in better education quality.
Office of Migrant Education (OME)
The Office manages programs to provide academic support to children who from migrant families. Normally, migrants in the U.S.A had poor working conditions so couldn’t offer quality education experience to their children. OME aims to provide equal education opportunity to all students regardless of nations and religions.
Office of Career, Technical, and Adult Education (OCTAE)
OCTAE, as a sub-division of the United States Department of Education, makes policies for a wide range of educational subjects, such as the postsecondary education, career and technical education, adult education and literacy, rural education and college aid etc. The Office also carries out statistical research that focuses on high school or community colleges.
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